This Day In History Dec. 3 - 10, 2017
(changes weekly; click on title above or on the month navigation link for previous entries on Presbyterian history)
On Dec. 4, 1861, 93 commissioners from 47 presbyteries met in Augusta, Georgia, to form the Presbyterian Church in the Confederate States of America(later known as the Presbyterian Church in the United States). The meeting was held at the First Presbyterian Church), where the Rev. Joseph Ruggles Wilson (1822 - 1903, shownat right) was pastor. At the time, he also was the father of five-year-old Woodrow Wilson, future President of the United States. This southern branch remained separate until 1983, when it reunited with the northern branch, the United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., to form today's Presbyterian Church of the United States of America.
On Dec. 5, 1836, The New York Theological Seminary (chartered in 1839 as Union Theological Seminary) in New York City opened its doors for teaching. On that day, 13 students appeared at the President's (Rev. Thomas McAuley) house at No. 112 Leonard Street to enroll and start a class.
On Dec. 9, 1832, Rev.Alfred Wright (March 1, 1788 - March 31, 1853) founded the Wheelock Church in Indian Territory. A Presbyterian minister and missionary to the Choctaw in Mississippi since 1821, Rev. Wright and his wife, Harriett Bunce Wright (Sept. 19, 1779 - Oct. 3, 1863), decided to move with the Choctaws in 1832 when they were forcibly removed to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). The church was the first part of the large Wheelock Mission, which included a school. Harriett Wright was one of the original two teachers at the school.
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A Member of the American Alliance of Museums
(formerly American Association of Museums)
American Association of
State and Local History
North Carolina Museums Council
Presbyterian Heritage Center Independent. Innovative. Interactive. Montreat Map
The PHC is open Thursday - Fridays; 10 m - 4 pm, Saturdays, 1 - 4 pm,Sunday 1:30 - 4 pm up to Dec. 15th when we close for the Christmas holidays. We will be open Thursday & Friday Dec. 28th and 29th.
Music of the Reformation (1517 - 1667)
Minting A Tradition: American Communion Tokens
50th Anniversary of Town of Montreat
Congo Mission & Discovering Congo Art exhibits
Foreign Mission Crises (1893 - 1920) & Samuel Hall Chester The Great War & Its Consequences Centennial of America entering WWI exhibit
In April 1917, the United States joined The Great War (i.e., World War I, 1914 - 1917). The consequences of the war were immmense globally in creating, dividing and promising new countries in both Rurope and the Middle East, which would echo in World War II and the ongoing conflict across the fertile crescent/Holy Land. U.S.President Woodrow Wilson played a significant role in the war and resultant peace.
Congo Mission Exhibit and Discovering Congo Art: The Role of Missionaries Exhibit are now both open at the Presbyterian Heritage Center. Come learn about the 125 history of the American Presbyterian Congo Mission its integrated pioneers during a time of American Jim Crow laws, its successfull campaign against King Leopold's atrocities on the native population, its trials and tribulations as well as how Congo Art influenced early 20th Century modern art.
The PHC's display of about 100 artifacts from Congo Kuba, Luba, Songye and Pende groups is just a small portion of what is a top 10 Congo Art collection located in the United States. See king statues, ceremonial weapons, decorated masks, everyday living implements.
Presbyterian Missionaries and Ministers Databases
being uploaded to this site, under Bios tab above.
You also can click here. These databases are starting with early ministers and missionaries (pre-1860)
and are being researched by teams of volunteers and staff at the Presbyterian Heritage Center. If you have biographical information on ministers and misionaries, and especially photos, please email us.
News: Diplomats, Missionaries & Montreat during WWII
75 years ago,
The U.S. government was exchanging Axis diplomats, businessmen and families for Allied diplomats and missionaries trapped behind enemy lines with the sudden entry into the war with the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Montreat served for six months as a detention center, along with the Greenbriar, Homestead and Grove Park Inn, for such repatriations.
Notable Presbyterians: Samuel Hall Chester who served as Executive Secretary and Corresponding Foreign Missions Secretary for 33 years. During his tenure, challenges included the Chinese Boxer Rebellion, Congo atrocities by King Leopald's forces, the Mexican Revolution, and the Sino-Russian War.
Current Exhibits Spotlight
Music of the Reformation
Come see a medieval chorale manuscript and psalters and hymnals from the 16th and 17th centuries.
Minting A Tradition: Communion Tokens exhibit displays tokens and two rare communion token molds from the American colonies and the early United States. Come learn about the origin and use of these tokens.