June 23, 1780
On June 23, 1780, the Battle of Springfield (NJ) occurred. Two weeks earlier on June 7, the wife (Hannah Ogden Caldwell) of Rev. James Caldwell was shot and killed in a house apparently by a British soldier while she was with some of her children. This murder infuriated and aroused the rebellion in New Jersey and the other colonies. On June 23 at the Battle of Springfield, when his company ran out of paper wadding to load bullets for their rifles, Chaplain Caldwell reportedly dashed into the Springfield Presbyterian Church (established in 1745), scooped up as many Isaac Watts hymnals as he could carry, and distributed them to the troops, shouting "put Watts into them, boys."